Belize is a tiny, independent state of Central America, on the Northwest Caribbean coast, with a population of just 380,000. The Mayan civilization flourished on this land until 1200 AD. followed by Spaniards and Britons who explored and conquered the area. It was a British colony, known as British Honduras, until the independence of 1981. The official capital is now Belmopan that was built after 1961, when a major hurricane destroyed the old capital of Belize City, which continues to be the most important commercial and population center of country. Belize’s terrestrial and marine ecosystems are rich in biodiversity and include tropical forests and the famous Mesoamerican Coral Reef, the second largest in the world. Belize is the only country in the region with an official English language..