Morocco is a state in northwest Africa and is a member of the Arab world and Islam. It is a country rich in history and culture and the only constitutional monarchy in North Africa. For many travelers Morocco is the gateway to Africa. Morocco has many impressive and diverse sites, historical attractions and unique cultural traditions.
It belonged to the Kingdom of Mauritania from 300 BC. and from the 1st century BC. it was part of the Roman Empire. In the 6th century, northern Morocco became part of the Byzantine Empire, however, the Berber inhabitants of the remote hinterland remained unruly. In the 7th century, with the Arab invasion, the indigenous Berber tribes adopted Islam, but kept their customs. From the 11th century to the early 20th century, a series of dynasties ruled Morocco until it was conquered by the Spanish and French. During World War II, Morocco became a haven for wealthy Europeans, as depicted in the movie “Casablanca”. After long struggles it won independence from France in 1956. Morocco annexed Western Sahara in the late 1970s, still a disputed status.
A stone’s throw from Europe, Morocco offers to the visitor exotic colors, aromas and sounds of Islamic Africa. With its winding alleys and souks, bustling goods and spice markets, impressive mosques, whitewashed seaside towns and medieval medinas – fortified city centers – it will fascinate every visitor.With landscapes ranging from snow-capped peaks in the Atlas to the endless sand dunes of the Sahara, Morocco is rightly a major travel destination.
Morocco is a very touristic country, with what this entails in relation to the authenticity of some people and the treatment to the visitor. However, if you have a true connection with the Moroccans, they will welcome you, they will invite you to weddings and other ceremonial gatherings and proudly present their culture. Get lost in the labyrinthine alleys of the Medina of a Moroccan city.
Famous for the big Hassan II Mosque, the second largest in the world, Casablanca usually doesn’t keep visitors for long, looking for a more traditional Moroccan experience. Marrakech, known as the “Red City” will fascinate much more, with the aromas of spice souks, the old gates and defensive walls, the Koutoubia Mosque and of course the Jamaa el-Fnaa, the largest square in Africa.
Fez, once the capital of Morocco, is another beautiful imperial city with wonderful narrow medieval winding streets. Here is also the large traditional leather tannery, a colorful and stinking experience.
The coastal city of Essaouira and the blue city of Chefchaouen are favorite travel gems. Wild mountain landscapes in the Atlas Mountains and small villages invite you to discover them, the amazing Todra Gorge and the ancient fortified city of Aït-Benhaddou are also amazing sights. The brick kasbahs, which were fortress of the past, are scattered along the desert road. The enchanting Sahara with its golden sand dunes overwhelms all the senses. Staying under a tent in the desert is an experience that no matter how many times you live it, it’s never enough.