Zanzibar is an archipelago that includes two large and many smaller islands in the Indian Ocean that are a semi-autonomous province of Tanzania. The Arab-Islamic former Sultanate, and later British Protectorate, joined Tanganyika in 1963, forming the state of Tanzania, but retaining its quite different characteristics.
The traditionally Islamic background of the inhabitants of Zanzibar makes them relatively distant and introverted to the crowds of tourists who flock to enjoy the turquoise beaches and tropical climate.
n Zanzibar (Unguja is the original name of the island but is usually named after the archipelago), the island of spices and also a slave-market at earlier times, you can either go by a short flight or by 2-hour boat route. The choices on this great island are many, with endless enchanting beaches. The northern ones are more favourable, with less tide, but that doesn’t mean that the eastern shore are less beautiful, with traditional villages scattered everywhere. The visitor should not overlook the magic of the capital town of the island named Stonetown, which is a World Heritage Site with Islamic architecture, traditional buildings covered with patina of time. The other islands of the archipelago are less known and less touristic, like the islands of Pemba and Mafia, are paradises that await to be discovered by those who can afford the cost.